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If you’re interested in mitigating skin discoloration, schedule an appointment for a custom treatment plan.

What Is Skin Discoloration?

Take a look in the mirror. Do you notice dark spots or areas of brown, patchy discoloration on your complexion? It’s likely due to hyperpigmentation, one of the most common skin conditions across all skin tones. Hyperpigmentation is an increase in pigment (or melanin) that your skin cells have produced.

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What Causes Skin Discoloration?

If you’re experiencing skin discoloration, you may be wondering how these dark spots appeared in the first place. From overexposure to the sun to family genetics, there are a few culprits to blame for skin discoloration. Some of the most common factors are listed below:

  • Sun exposure: After time spent in the sun, our skin goes into protection mode and increases its melanin production in order to shield itself from the damaging effects of the sun’s harmful UV rays. The extra melanin can give us a sun tan, but in some cases, an uneven increase in melanin production can produce irregular coloring on the skin. In fact, overexposure to the sun is the leading cause of dark spots in light-skinned individuals, according to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD).
  • Genetics: Do you have a family history of skin discoloration? If so, that could be the reason behind your dark spots.
  • Hormones: Melasma is a form of skin discoloration that is often associated with pregnancy, though it can affect anyone. It typically appears on areas of skin exposed to sunlight – cheeks, upper lip, forehead, etc. – though it can appear elsewhere on the body as well. While sun exposure is one of the factors related to melasma, other factors like hormonal fluctuations can also be to blame. If your discolored patches are due to melasma, it’s possible they may fade on their own after pregnancy.
  • Skin trauma: Changes in skin color can result from damage to the skin, including a bad breakout, or from cuts, burns, infections, and other skin injuries.
  • Traffic-related air pollution: Recent studies suggest there may be a correlation between traffic-related air pollution and dark spots. Research has found that those who were exposed to nitrogen dioxide experienced more dark spots on their cheeks, but those spots were even more evident on the cheeks of women living in urban areas with increased polluted air.
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How Can I Prevent Skin Discoloration?

If your discoloration is caused by environmental factors, such as excessive sun exposure or pollution, the best way to prevent it from getting worse is to protect your skin. This includes applying broad-spectrum SPF 15 or higher each and every day and pairing it with an antioxidant product like vitamin C to help neutralize free radicals. Apply a vitamin C serum and follow with a broad-spectrum SPF 15 or higher. For more robust protection, it’s wise to wear protective clothing, seek shade, and avoid peak sun hours—between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m.—when rays are strongest.

Skin Discoloration Treatments in Erie, PA

If you’re interested in mitigating skin discoloration, schedule an appointment at our office in Erie, Pennsylvania. We help solve skin pigmentation problems with VirtueRF and other treatment options as well. Together, we will help you experience more inner and outer beauty. Request an appointment online using the form below or give us a call at (888) 889-5099 for a more even skin tone.

Services for Skin Discoloration

Request Appointment

Take self-care full circle with inner and outer beauty. Call us at (888) 889-5099 or submit the form below.

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